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Stationary Fuel Cells: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020


March 05, 2014 --

NEW YORK, March 5, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Stationary Fuel Cells: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020

Stationary Fuel Cells are on the cusp of becoming commercially viable, creating companies that are profitable and produce electricity at or below parity with the grid giving every user alternatives to the grid. Bloom Energy has solved the SOFC engineering challenges. Breakthroughs in materials science, and revolutionary designs give Bloom SOFC technology a cost effective, all-electric solution.

Vendors have solved the SOFC conundrum, developing new materials that make units affordable and provide energy device economies of scale and support for wind and solar renewable energy sources.Stationary fuel cells represent the base for distributed power generation worldwide. No more new coal plants, no mare extensions to the grid. Distributed power has become mainstream. Distributed generation (DG) refers to power generation at the point of consumption.

Generating power on-site, rather than centrally, eliminates the cost, complexity, interdependencies, and inefficiencies associated with energy transmission and distribution. Distributed energy is evolving in a manner like distributed PC and laptop computing, cars for transportation, and smart phones. As distributed Internet data and telephony have found a place in the market, so also will distributed energy generation become widespread. Distributed power shifts energy generation control to the consumer much to the consternation of the existing utility companies.

Renewable energy is intermittent and needs stationary fuel cells for renewables to achieve mainstream adoption as a stable power source. Wind and solar power cannot be stored except by using the energy derived from these sources to make hydrogen that can be stored. Stationary fuel cells are likely to function as a battery in the long term, creating a way to use hydrogen that is manufactured from the renewable energy sources. It is likely that the wind and tide energy will be transported as electricity to a location where the hydrogen can be manufactured. It is far easier to transport electricity than to transport hydrogen. Hydrogen servers as an energy storage mechanism.Stationary fuel cell markets need government sponsorship. As government funding shifts from huge military obligations, sustainable energy policy becomes a compelling investment model for government.

Stationary fuel cell markets at $1.2 billion in 2013 are projected to increase to $14.3 billion in 2020. Growth is anticipated to be based on demand for distributed power generation that uses natural gas. Systems provide clean energy that is good for the environment. Growth is based on global demand and will shift from simple growth to rapid growth measured as a penetration analysis as markets move beyond the early adopter stage. The big box retailers including many, led by Walmart, the data centers, and companies like Verizon are early adopters.

Eventually hydrogen will be used as fuel in the same stationary fuel cell devices. The hydrogen is manufactured from solar farms. Stationary fuel cells have become more feasible as the industry is able to move beyond platinum catalysts.

Stationary Fuel Cells Executive Summary

STATIONARY FUEL CELL MARKET SHARES AND MARKET FORECASTS 40Stationary Fuel Cell Market Driving Forces 40Platinum Catalysts 45Stationary Fuel Cell Market Forecasts 47Stationary Fuel Cells Market Definition And Market Dynamics


1.1 STATIONARY FUEL CELL MARKET DYNAMICS AND MARKET DESCRIPTION 491.1.1 Stationary Fuel Cell Ownership Models 491.2 Distributed Power Generation 501.2.1 On-Site Power: 501.2.2 Utility Grid Support: 511.3 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) 561.3.1 Next Generation SOFC 561.3.2 Bloom Energy Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 561.4 ClearEdge Power Moving away from HT-PEMFC Technology 571.5 Distributed Power Generation 581.5.1 Distributed Clean and Continuous Power Generation 581.5.2 Benefits of Bloom Energy 591.5.3 Stationary Fuel Cell Technology 591.6 Industrialization Requires Sustainable, Highly Efficient Energy 601.6.1 Fuel Cell Cogeneration 611.6.2 Stationary Fuel Cells Address Global Energy Challenge 621.6.3 Petroleum 621.7 Value Of Export Market Electricity 641.8 Fuel Cell Operation 661.8.1 Fuel Cells Definition 721.8.2 Fuel Cell Insulating Nature Of The Electrolyte 751.8.3 Inconsistency Of Cell Performance 761.8.4 Fuel Cell Performance Improvements 761.8.5 Transition To Hydrogen 771.9 Fuel Environmental Issues 781.9.1 Environmental Benefits Of Using Fuel Cell Technology 811.9.2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions 841.10 Battery Description 861.11 Fuel Cell Functional Characteristics 871.12 Water In A Fuel Cell System 891.13 Power Of A Fuel Cell 911.13.1 Gas Control 911.13.2 Temperature Control 911.14 Fuel Cell Converts Chemical Energy Directly Into Electricity And Heat 921.14.1 Types Of Fuel Cells 941.15 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology 961.15.1 Types Of Fuel Cells 961.15.2 Alkaline Fuel Cells 991.15.3 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells 1001.15.4 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells 1021.15.5 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 1041.15.6 PEM Technology 1061.15.7 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells 1061.15.8 PEM Fuel Cells 1101.15.9 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell 1101.15.10 Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Membranes And Catalysts 1111.15.11 Common Types Of Fuel Cells 1131.16 Stationary Power Applications 1141.16.1 Traditional Utility Electricity Generation 1141.17 On Grid And Off Grid Issues 1151.17.1 Stationary Public Or Commercial Buildings Fuel Cell Market 1161.17.2 Distributed Power Generation 1172.1.1 Stationary Fuel Cell Company Operating Models 1191.18 Impact Of Deregulation 1201.18.1 Excess Domestic Capacity 1201.18.2 Power Failures 1201.19 Fuel Cell Issues 1211.19.1 Fuel Cell Workings 1231.19.2 Environmental Benefits Of Fuel Cells 1251.19.3 Fuel-To-Electricity Efficiency 1261.20 Boilers 1271.20.1 Domestic Hot Water 1271.20.2 Space Heating Loops 1271.20.3 Absorption Cooling Thermal Loads 1281.21 Fuel Cell Reliability 1281.21.1 Power Quality 1291.21.2 Licensing Schedules 1291.21.3 Modularity 1301.22 Fuel Cell Supply Infrastructure 1301.23 Laws And Regulations 1301.23.1 National Hydrogen Association 1301.23.2 Military Solutions 131Stationary Fuel Cells Market Shares And Market Forecasts


2.1 Stationary Fuel Cell Market Driving Forces 1322.2 Stationary Fuel Cell Market Shares 1362.2.1 Bloom Energy (SOFC) Fuel Cell Comprised Of Many Flat Solid Ceramic Squares 1402.2.2 FuelCell Energy (MCFC) 1422.2.3 ClearEdge 1432.2.4 ClearEdge / UTC Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFCs) 1432.2.5 Ballard and IdaTech PEM 1442.2.6 Acumentrics 1452.3 Stationary Fuel Cell Market Forecasts 1462.3.1 Stationary Fuel Cell Units Market Forecasts 1482.3.2 Vision For The New Electrical Grid 1522.3.3 Fuel Cell Clean Air Permitting 1532.4 SOFC Fuel Cell Market Shares and Market Forecasts 1552.4.1 SOFC Stationary Fuel Cell Forecasts: Unit Shipment and InstalledBase Market Penetration Analysis 1612.4.2 SOFC ROI Models 1632.4.3 SOFC Fuel Cell Markets 1632.4.4 SOFC Specialized Ceramics 1662.4.5 SOFC Stationary Fuel Cell Market Description 1672.4.6 Bloom Energy SOFC 1682.4.7 SOFC Methanol Fuel Cells, On The Anode Side, A Catalyst Breaks Methanol 1682.5 PEM Stationary Fuel Cell Forecasts 1692.5.1 PEM Telecom Fuel Cell Back Up Power Systems 1732.5.2 PEM Fuel Cell: High Temperature 1742.5.3 PEMFC Efficiency 1742.5.4 Challenges for PEMFC Systems 1752.5.5 Operating Pressure 1752.5.6 Long Term Operation 1762.5.7 Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEM) Residential Market 1772.6 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) 1782.6.1 MCFC Molten Carbonate Uses Nickel and Stainless Steel as Core Technology 1792.6.2 MCFC Stationary Fuel Cell Market Analysis 1802.6.3 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) Fuel Cell Technology 95%Combustion Efficiency 1832.7 UTC PAFC Platinum Costs 1842.7.1 PAFC1852.7.2 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) Technology 1852.8 Distributed Campus Environments For SOFC, PEM, MCFC, andMCFC Stationary Fuel Cells 1872.8.1 Government Support for Fuel Cell Technology 1892.8.2 Competition For Distributed Generation Of Electricity 1902.8.3 Stationary Fuel Cell Applications 1912.9 Energy Market Forecasts 1932.9.1 FuelCell Energy Fuel Cell Stack Module MCFC Costs 1972.9.2 FuelCell Energy Cost Breakdown 1982.9.3 FuelCell Energy Fuel Cell Stack Module 1992.9.4 FuelCell Energy Materials Cost Reduction via Increased Power Density 1992.9.5 Fuel Cell Energy Achieving Higher MCFC Power Density 2012.9.6 SOFC Unfavorable Fuel Cell Market Characteristics 2052.9.7 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFCs) 2102.10 PEM Membrane, Or Electrolyte 2102.10.1 PEM Proton-Conducting Polymer Membrane, (The Electrolyte) 2122.11 Delivered Energy Costs 2162.11.1 Nanotechnology Platinum Surface Layer on TungstenSubstrate For Fuel Cell Catalyst 2192.11.2 SOFC Fuel Cell Prices 2202.12 PEM, SOFC, MCFC, and PAFC Stationary Fuel Cell Applications and Uses: 2212.13 MCFC, SOFC, PEMFC Projected Cost Long Term 2232.14 Stationary Fuel Cells Strengths and Weaknesses 2242.15 Fuel Cell Return On Investment Analysis 2262.15.1 Addressable Market 2272.16 Stationary Fuel Cell Prices 2292.16.1 Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Stack Prices 2292.16.2 MCFC Stationary Fuel Cell Prices 2302.17 Stationary Fuel Cell Market Regional Analysis 2342.17.1 Stationary Fuel Cells U.S. 2362.17.2 Fuel Cells California 2362.17.3 Regional Stationary Fuel Cell Competition 2402.17.4 CPUC Recently Approved 6 Utility Owned Fuel Cell Projects 2452.17.5 Stationary Fuel Cell Installations in California 2462.17.6 California Fuel Cell Installations 2482.17.7 Campus Fuel Cell Food Processing Agricultural Applications /Gills Onions Stationary Fuel Cells 2482.17.8 Oxnard DFC Installations 2492.17.9 Europe and Japan 2502.17.10 Korea 2512.17.11 European Photovoltaic Industry Association and GreenpeaceGlobal Investments In Solar Photovoltaic Projects 2642.17.12 German Stationary Fuel Cells 2642.17.13 Japanese Sales Prospects 2682.17.14 New Sunshine Project (Japan) 2692.17.15 Fuel Cell Development in Japan 2702.17.16 Fuel Cell Cogeneration in Japan 2712.17.17 Softbank / Bloom: Bloom Energy Japan 2722.17.18 Japanese Government Subsidies 2742.17.19 Fuel Cell Cogeneration In Japan 2742.17.20 Establishing Codes And Standards Are Very Important ForAdvancing Fuel Cell Systems In Japan 2742.17.21 FuelCell Energy Geographic Market Participation 2752.17.22 FuelCell Energy within Korea 2792.17.23 FuelCell Energy Korean Market Partner POSCO Energy 2792.17.24 FuelCell Energy Within the United States 2812.17.25 FuelCell Energy Bridgeport Project 2832.17.26 FuelCell Energy in Canada 2842.17.27 FuelCell Energy in Europe 2852.17.28 FuelCell Energy European Market Developments 286Stationary Fuel Cells Product Description


3.1 Fuel Cells 2883.2 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) 2883.2.1 Next Generation SOFC 2883.3 Bloom Energy Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 2893.3.1 Bloom's Energy SOFC Specifications 2913.3.2 Bloom Energy Server Architecture 2953.3.3 Bloom Energy E-Bay Data Center Installation 2973.4 Ceramic Fuel Cells SOFC 2983.4.1 Ceramic Fuel Cells BlueGen 2993.4.2 Ceramic Fuel Cells Gennex Fuel Cell Module 3033.4.3 Ceramic Fuel Cells Engineered Mixed Oxide Powders 3033.5 LG 3033.5.1 LG Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC Technology 3063.6 SKKG Cultural and Historical Foundation / Hexis SOFC 3093.7 Viessmann Group 3093.8 The Ceres Fuel Cell 3103.8.1 Ceres Power Core Technology 3113.9 Acumentrics 3133.9.1 Acumentrics Fuel Cell Systems Work 3153.9.2 The Fuel Reformer 3173.9.3 Acumentrics Small Tubes 3183.9.4 Acumentrics Specialized Ceramics 3193.9.5 Acumentrics Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd Trusted Power Innovations 3203.10 Samsung 3213.11 Delphi Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 3223.11.1 Delphi / Independent Energy Partners (IEP) 3223.11.2 Delphi SOFC 3233.11.3 Delphi Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit 3243.12 LG Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 3283.13 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) Stationary Fuel Cells 3313.14 ClearEdge Proton Exchange Membrane PEM Fuel Cells 3323.14.1 ClearEdge PureCell Model 5 System 3333.14.2 ClearEdge PureCell Model 400 System 3393.14.3 ClearEdge PureCell Model 400 System 3403.14.4 ClearEdge fuel Cell Fleet Surpasses 1 Million Hours Of Operation 3433.14.5 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFCs) 3443.14.6 ClearEdge UTC Product : The PureCell Model 400 Power Solution Features : 3493.14.7 ClearEdge UTC PureComfort Solutions 3503.14.8 ClearEdge UTC PureComfort Power Solutions Save Energy 3533.14.9 ClearEdge UTC CO2 Emissions Reduction 3543.14.10 ClearEdge UTC PureComfort Power Solutions 3583.15 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) Power Plants 3593.16 FuelCell Energy 3593.16.1 FuelCell Energy Power Plants Operating On Natural Gas 3613.16.2 FuelCell Energy DFC Power Plant Benefits: 3643.16.3 FuelCell Energy DFC Power Plant Benefits: 3663.16.4 FuelCell Energy Cost Breakdown 3693.16.5 FuelCell Energy Fuel Cell Stack Module 3703.16.6 FuelCell Energy Materials Cost Reduction via Increased Power Density 3703.16.7 FuelCell Energy Balance-of-Plant Cost Reduction With Volume Production 3753.16.8 FuelCell Energy Conditioning, Installation, and Commissioning 3753.16.9 FuelCell Energy to Supply 1.4 MW Power Plant to a California Utility 3773.16.10 FuelCell Energy Adding Power Generating Capacity At The Point Of UseAvoids Or Reduces Investment In The Transmission And Distribution System 3773.16.11 FuelCell Energy DFC1500 3783.16.12 FuelCell Energy Fuel Cells Within South Korean Renewable Portfolio 3793.16.13 Enbridge and FuelCell Energy Partner 3823.16.14 FuelCell Energy Power Plants 3833.17 Proton Exchange Membrane PEM Stationary Fuel Cells 3843.18 Ballard 3853.18.1 Ballard and IdaTech's PEM 3873.18.2 Ballard 3883.18.3 Ballard / IdaTech 3903.18.4 Ballard Power Systems Fuel Cell Stack to Taiwan-Based M-Field Energy Ltd. 393Stationary Fuel Cells Technology


4.1 Fuel Cell Emissions Profile 395- 4.1.1 Direct FuelCell Technology 3954.2 Verizon Launches Massive Green Energy Project to Power 19Company Facilities Across the Country 3994.3 Fuel Cells Offer An Economically Compelling Balance Of Attributes 4014.4 Stationary Fuel Cell Government Regulation 4034.5 Fuel Cell Type Of Electrolyte Used 405- 4.5.1 PEM Fuel Cells 406- 4.5.2 Fuel Cell Stacks 4104.6 IdaTech Fuel Processing Technology 4124.7 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFC) 4144.7.1 PAFC Platinum-Based Catalyst 4144.8 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC) 416- 4.8.1 FuelCell Energy Degradation of the Electrolyte Support 4174.8.2 MCFC Stack Cost Analysis 4194.8.3Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Results 4204.9 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) 4224.9.1 SOFC Fuel Cell/Turbine Hybrids 4254.9.2 Acumetrics Tubular SOFC, Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology 4254.1.3 Chip-Scale Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Arrays 4274.10 Fuel Reformer 4294.10.1 Specialized Ceramics 4304.10.2 Ceramic Fuel Cells 4314.11 Fuel Cell Description 4324.12 Alkaline Fuel Cells (AFC) 4374.13 Nanotechnology Enables Overcoming Stationary Fuel Cell Cost Barriers 4384.13.1 DMFC Micro And Portable Fuel Cells Components and Labor Costs 4384.13.2 SOFC Fuel Cells Components and Labor Costs: 4394.13.3 MCFC Fuel Cells Components and Labor Costs: 4404.13.4 PAFC Fuel Cells Components and Labor Costs: 4414.14 Solar Energy Complements Fuel Cell Technology 4424.15 DMFC Fuel Cell Already Viable Market 4444.15.1 DMFC Micro And Portable Fuel Cells Components and Labor Costs 4444.15.2 Polymer-Electrolyte Membrane PEM 4454.15.3 PEM Nano Metals And Alloys 4464.15.4 PEM 4474.16 Platinum Catalyst 4484.16.1 Nanotechnology Platinum Surface Layer on TungstenSubstrate For Fuel Cell Catalyst 4484.16 2 Nanotechnology Platinum Catalyst Mid Size Stationary Fuel Cells 4494.16.2 Water Electrolysis Technology 4494.17 Fuel Cell Nickel Borate Catalyst 4504.17.1 Fuel Cell High Cost Products 4504.17.2 Development of hydrogen Technologies Critical For TheGrowth Of The Fuel Cell Industry 4504.17.3 PEM and SOFC For Home Units 4544.18 PAFC and Stationary fuel cells 4544.19 For MCFC: 4544.20 For PAFC: 4554.21 Fuel Cell Components 4564.21.1 Fuel Processor (Reformer) 4584.22 Fuel Cell Stack 4624.23 Power Conditioner 4624.24 Nano Composite Membranes 4644.25 Pall Filtering of Hydrogen 4674.26 IdaTech 469


5.1 Stationary Fuel Cell Acquisitions 4715.1.1 2013: ClearEdge Power Acquires UTC Power 4715.1.2 BASF Exits High-Temperature Proton ExchangeMembrane Fuel Cell Business 4715.1.3 GE 4725.1.4 Air Liquide Invests in Plug Power 4725.1.5 Ballard Buys IdaTech 4725.1.6 Viessmann Group Acquires 50 Percent Share in Hexis AG 4725.1.7 Acumentrics Acquired Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd 4735.1.8 FuelCell Energy / Versa Power Systems Acquisition 4735.1.9 Rolls Royce Sells Its Stationary Fuel Cell Operations Interests to LG 4745.1.10 Other Transactions and Consolidation of Stationary Fuel Cell Market 4745.2 Acumentrics 4745.2.1 Acumentrics Technologies Ltd Rugged UPS 4755.2.2 Acumentrics UPS Products 4755.2.3 Acumentrics / Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd Trusted Power Innovations 4785.2.4 Acumentrics / Fuel Cell Technologies 4805.3 Advent Technologies 4815.3.1 Advent Technologies Investors 4825.3.2 Advent Technologies Target Markets For HT-PEMFC 4825.3.3 Advent Target Markets 4825.4 AFC Energy 4845.5 Altergy 4865.5.1 Altergy Mass Production And Commercial Deployment OfRugged, Low Cost Fuel Cells 4865.5.2 Altergy Global Leader In Telecom/Critical Infrastructure 4895.6 Ansaldo Fuel Cells 4945.7 Ballard Power Systems 4955.7.1 Ballard Power Systems / IdaTech LLC / ACME Group (Gurgaon, Haryana) 4965.7.2 Ballard Expanded Single Fuel Cell 4985.7.3 Ballard Hydrogen 4985.7.4 Ballard Buys IdaTech 4995.7.5 IdaTech acquires Plug Power's LPG Off-Grid, Backup PowerStationary Product Lines 5015.7.6 IdaTech Applications 5025.7.7 IdaTech Wireline Communications Networks 5025.7.8 Ballard Third Quarter 2013 Revenue 503Ballard Third Quarter 2013 Highlights 5045.8 BASF 5075.9 Blasch Precision Ceramics 5085.10 Bloom Energy 5085.10.1 Bloom Energy Fuel Cells Customer Adobe 5135.10.2 Bloom Energy / University Of Arizona NASA Mars Space Program 5145.10.3 SoftBank & Bloom Energy Form Joint Venture 5155.11 ClearEdge Power / UTC Power 5175.11.1 ClearEdge / United Technologies 5175.12 Ceramic Fuel Cells 5175.13 Delphi 5175.13.1 Delphi Automotive LLP Revenue 5185.13.2 Delphi Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit 5185.14 Doosan Corporation 5195.15 Elcore 5205.16 Electro Power Systems 5215.17 Enbridge 5225.18 FuelCell Energy 5265.18.1 FuelCell Energy Production Capacity 5285.18.2 FuelCell Energy POSCO 121.8 MW Order 5295.18.3 FuelCell Energy / Versa 5305.18.4 FuelCell Energy Leading Integrated Fuel Cell Company 5315.18.5 FuelCell Energy Revenue 2012, 2013 5325.18.6 FuelCell Energy / Versa Power Systems, Inc. Acquisition 5355.18.7 FuelCell Energy Market Activity 5365.18.8 Stationary Fuel Cell ROI 5405.18.9 FuelCell Energy Versa Power Systems Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Development: 5405.18.10 FuelCell Energy / Versa Systems Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 5415.18.11 FuelCell Energy DFC 3000 Cost Savings 5445.18.12 FuelCell Energy Production and Delivery Capabilities 5455.18.13 FuelCell Energy Food & Beverage Processing 5495.18.14 FuelCell Energy Strategic Alliances and Market Development Agreements 5505.18.15 FuelCell Energy Service Company Partners 5535.18.16 FuelCell Energy Business Strategy 5555.19 Fuji Electric 5595.20 GE 5595.20.1 GE Unmanned Aircraft 5625.20.2 GE HPGS 5635.21 HydroGen LLC 5645.22 Hydrogenics 5655.22.1 Hydrogenics Revenue 5665.23 ITN Lithium Technology 5665.23.1 ITN's Lithium EC sub-Division Focused On Development AndCommercialization of EC 5675.23.2 ITN's SSLB Division Thin-Film Battery Technology 5685.23.3 ITN Lithium Air Battery 5695.23.4 ITN Fuel Cell 5705.23.5 ITN Thin-film Deposition Systems 5725.23.6 ITN Real Time Process Control 5735.23.7 ITN Plasmonics 5775.24 LG Electronics 5785.24.1 LG Business Divisions and Main Products 5825.24.2 LG Telemonitoring Smartcare System 5855.24.3 Rolls Royce Sells Its Stationary Fuel Cell Operations Interests to LG 5885.25 Nuvera 5885.26 Plug Power 5895.26.1 Plug Power Revenue by Quarters 5895.27 POSCO Power 5905.28 Rolls Royce 5915.29 SafeHydrogen LLC 5915.30 Samsung Everland 5925.30.1 Samsung 5935.30.2 Samsung Finds Talent And Adapts Technology To Create Products 5965.30.3 Samsung Adapts to Change, Samsung Embraces Integrity 5975.30.4 Samsung Telecom Equipment Group 5985.30.5 Samsung Electronics Q2 2013 Revenue 5995.30.6 Samsung Memory Over Logic 6005.31 Serenergy 6015.32 Siemens AG 6015.33 SoftBank 6025.34 Southern California Edison 6025.35 Truma 603

List of Tables and Figures

Table ES-1 42Stationary Fuel Cell Market Driving Forces 42Table ES-2 43Stationary Fuel Cell Market Growth Drivers Worldwide 43Table ES-3 44Worldwide Stationary Fuel Cell Market Campus Segments 44Figure ES-4 46Stationary Fuel Cell Market Shares, Dollars, 2013 46Figure ES-5 47Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 47Figure 1-1 52Traditional Power Distribution Network vs. Fuel Cell Solution 52Table 1-2 63Methods Of Producing Energy 63Table 1-3 65Key Aspects Of Fuel Cell Stack Costs 65Figure 1-4 67Fuel Cell Operation 67Table 1-5 68Fuel Cell Operation 68Figure 1-6 69Stationary Fuel Cell Distributed Power Generation 69Figure 1-7 70Conventional Power System with Central Generation 70Figure 1-8 71Utility Power Systems with Distributed 1MW Fuel Cell System 71Table 1-9 73Fuel Cell Characteristics 73Table 1-10 74Fuel Cell Description 74Table 1-11 75Fuel Cell Categories 75Table 1-12 77Fuel Cell Performance Improvements 77Table 1-13 80Environmental Concerns Relating To Energy 80Table 1-14 82Environmental Benefits Of Using Fuel Cell Technology 82Table 1-15 82Fuel Cell Advantages Compared To Internal Combustion Engine 82Table 1-15 (Continued) 83Fuel Cell Advantages Compared To Internal Combustion Engine 83Table 1-16 84Low-carbon production systems 84Table 1-17 87Fuel Cell Functional Characteristics 87Table 1-17 (Continued) 88Fuel Cell Functional Characteristics 88Table 1-18 90Characteristics Of Water In Fuel Cells 90Figure 1-19 93Stationary Fuel Cell Growth Opportunities 93Table 1-20 94Types Of Fuel Cells 94Table 1-21 95Classes Of Fuel Cells 95Table 1-22 96Fuel Cell Applications 96Table 1-23 97Types Of Fuel Cells 97Table 1-24 98Classes Of Fuel Cells 98Table 1-25 99Fuel Cell Applications 99Table 1-26 100Alkaline Fuel Cell Features 100Table 1-27 101Phosphoric acid fuel cells applications 101Table 1-28 102Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Features 102Table 1-29 103Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells 103Table 1-30 105Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Features 105Table 1-31 108Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Functions 108Table 1-31 (Continued) 109Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell Functions 109Figure 1-32 119Stationary Fuel Cell Company Operating Models 119Table 1-33 121Fuel Cell Issues 121Table 1-34 122Fuel Cell System 122Table 1-35 124Operation of a Fuel Cell. 124Table 1-36 125Fuel Cell System Relative Efficiencies 125Table 1-37 129Fuel Cell Reliability Research And Development Issues 129Table 2-1 133Stationary Fuel Cell Market Driving Forces 133Table 2-2 133Stationary Fuel Cell Market Growth Drivers Worldwide 134Table 2-3 135Worldwide Stationary Fuel Cell Market Campus Segments 135Figure 2-4 136Stationary Fuel Cell Market Shares, Dollars, 2013 137Table 2-5 137Stationary Fuel Cell Market Shares, Dollars, 2013 138Figure 2-6 141Bloom Energy Server 141Figure 2-7 142FuelCell Energy Electrochemical Device 142Figure 2-8 146Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment Market Forecasts, Dollars, orldwide, 2014-2020 147Table 2-9 148Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment Market Forecasts Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 148Figure 2-10 150Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment Market Forecasts, Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 150Table 2-11 150Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment Market Forecasts 151Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 151Table 2-12 154Stationary Fuel Cell Market Forces 154Figure 2-13 157SOFC Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 157Table 2-14 157SOFC Stationary Fuel Cell Market Shares, Dollars, Worldwide, 2013 157Figure 2-15 158Stationary SOFC Fuel Cell Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 158Figure 2-16 160Stationary Fuel Cell SOFC Market Forecasts, Number Shipped, Worldwide, 2014-2020 160Table 2-17 161Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment Market Forecasts, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 161Table 2-18 162Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment Installed Base and Market Penetration Forecasts Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 162Figure 2-19 164Reducing Hydrogen Crossover Using Nanotechnology 164Table 2-20 167Ceramic Fuel Cells Advantages 167Figure 2-21 170Stationary Fuel Cell PEM, Market Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 170Table 2-22 171Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell PEM Stationary Fuel Cell ShipmentMarket Forecasts, Units and Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 171Figure 2-23 171Stationary Fuel Cell Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Market Forecasts,Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 172Table 2-24 175PEMFC Efficiency 175Table 2-25 176Stationary Fuel Cell Long-Term Operation 177Table 2-26 179MCFC Technology Development Functions 179Table 2-27 181MCFC Near-zero NOX, SOX and low CO2 emissions 181Figure 2-28 182FuelCell Energy 2.4 MW Fuel Cell Power Plant Inchon, South Korea 182Table 2-29 183MCFC Stationary Fuel Cell Technology 183Table 2-30 187Stationary Fuel Cell Distributed Campus Environments Target Markets Worldwide, 2013 187Table 2-31 188Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment SOFC, PEM, MCFC, and MCFCMarket Forecasts, Dollars, Worldwide, 2014-2020 188Table 2-32 189Stationary Fuel Cell Shipment SOFC, PEM, MCFC, and MCFC Market Forecasts,Units, Worldwide, 2014-2020 189Figure 2-33 192Stationary Fuel Cell Applications 192Figure 2-34 193Global Demand For Electric Power 193Figure 2-35 194Cost of Electricity Grid and Stationary Fuel Cell 194Table 2-36 206Complete Fuel Cell Power Plant 206Table 2-37 206Opportunity for PAFC Cost Reductions Opportunity Area 206Table 2-38 207PAFC Stack Costs 207Figure 2-39 211Fuel Cell Image 211Table 2-40 212PEM Stack Costs 212Figure 2-42 217Delivered Energy Costs 217Table 2-43 221Stationary Fuel Cell Markets 221Table 2-45 224Stationary Fuel Cells Strengths and Weaknesses 224Table 2-46 226Cost Comparison of Available Technologies for a 5kW Plant 226Table 2-47 228Unsubsidzed Levelized Cost of Energy 228Table 2-48 230MCFC Stack Costs 230Table 2-49 234Stationary Fuel Cell Regional Market Segments, Dollars, 2013 234Table 2-50 235Stationary Fuel Cell Regional Market Segments, 2013 235Figure 2-51 238Stationary Fuel Cell Installations in California 238Figure 2-51 239Stationary Fuel Cell Installations in California 239Figure 2-52 243Efficient Pipeline Pressure Reduction 243Table 2-53 247Types Of Campus Fuel Cell Power Plants 247Figure 2-54 249FuelCell Energy 600 KW DFC, Gills Onions Oxnard, CA 249Figure 2-55 253Korea's Energy Mix 2030 253Figure 2-57 254Korea's Energy Application Sectors 254Figure 2-58 256Korean NRE New and Renewable Energy 256Figure 2-59 257Korean Research & Development in NRE 257Figure 2-60 259Korean Local Plan for Promoting NRE 259Figure 2-61 260FuelCell Energy Environmental Tangible Benefits 260Figure 2-62 261Hybrid Electric Vehicles Costs 261Figure 2-63 262US Energy Costs 262Figure 2-64 263Hydrogen Cost From On Site Steam 263Figure 2-65 267German Bonus for Electricity Produced Through CHP Units 267Table 2-66 268Japanese Sales Prospects 268Figure 2-67 276FuelCell Energy Regional Positioning 276Figure 2-68 278FuelCell Energy Regional Business Activity 278Figure 3-1 289Bloom ES-5700 Fuel Cell 289Figure 3-2 291Bloom's Energy SOFC Specifications 291Table 3-3 293Bloom Energy SOCF Fuel Cell Specifications 293Table 3-3 294Bloom Energy SOCF Fuel Cell Specifications 294Figure 3-4 296Bloom Energy Server 296Table 3-5 297Bloom Performance Gain From Modular Architecture 297Figure 3-6 298Bloom Energy Data Center Installation 298Figure 3-7 299Ceramic Fuel Cells BlueGen Products 299Figure 3-8 300Ceramic Fuel Cells BlueGen Installation 300Figure 3-9 302Ceramic Fuel Cells BlueGen Efficiency Comparison 302Figure 3-10 304LG 1 MW SOFC System 304Figure 3-11 305LG Fuel Cell Power Generation Used to Power Electronics and Excess Sold to Grid 305Figure 3-12 306LG Integrated Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC 306Figure 3-13 307LG Integrated Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC 60 Cell Technology 307Figure 3-14 308LG Integrated Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells SOFC 308Figure 3-15 311Ceres Power SOFC Fuel Cell 311Figure 3-16 315Acumentrics Fuel Cell Systems Functions 315Figure 3-17 318Acumentrics Small Tubes 318Table 3-18 321Acumentrics Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Functions 321Figure 3-19 325Delphi Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 325Table 3-20 326Delphi Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Benefits 326Table 3-21 327Delphi Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Typical Applications 327Figure 3-22 328Delphi Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Transportation Application 328Figure 3-23 329LG Fuel Cell Process 329Table 3-24 330LG Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Features 330Table 3-24 331LG Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Features 331Figure 3-25 334ClearEdge PureCell Model 5 System Generates 5 kW 334Figure 3-26 336PureCell Model 5 System Specifications 336Table 3-27 337ClearEdge The Model 5 System Benefits 337Table 3-28 338ClearEdge The Model 5 System Functions 338Table 3-29 339ClearEdge The Model 5 system Functions 339Figure 3-30 340ClearEdge PureCell Model 400 System 340Figure 3-31 342ClearEdge PureCell Model 400 System Characteristics 342Figure 3-32 345UTC Power Fuel Cells Also Qualify For LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Points. 345Table 3-33 346UTC PureCell system Features 346Figure 3-34 347UTC Fuel cell Supplier To NASA For Space Missions For Over 40 Years 347Table 3-35 348UTC Performance Characteristics POWER 348Figure 3-36 350ClearEdge UTC PureCell Solution Emissions 350Table 3-37 351ClearEdge UTC Stationary Fuel Cell Energy Efficiency Positioning 351Table 3-38 352ClearEdge UTC Microturbine Chiller/Heater and System Level Functions 352Table 3-39 353ClearEdge UTC stationary Fuel cell Benefits : 353Table 3-40 355ClearEdge UTC Stationary Fuel Cell Emissions Benefits 355Table 3-41 356ClearEdge UTC Stationary Fuel Cell Emissions CO2 Emissions Reduction CalculationsFigure 3-42 357ClearEdge UTC Pollutant Emissions Comparisons 357Table 3-43 358ClearEdge UTC PureComfort Power Solutions 358Table 3-44 362FuelCell Energy Power Plant Advantages: 362Table 3-45 365FuelCell Energy Product Advantages 365Table 3-46 366FuelCell Energy Fuel Cell Power Plant Models 366Table 3-47 367FuelCell Energy DFC Power Plant Benefits: 367Figure 3-48 368Fuel Cell Electrochemical Device 368Figure 3-49 372Direct Fuel Cell (DFC) Power Plants Offer The Highest Efficiency Which Is Key To Customer Value372Figure 3-50 374FuelCell Energy 1 MW DFC California State 374University - Northridge 374Table 3-51 376FuelCell Energy Cost Reduction Opportunities for the DFC 1500 Power PlantOperating On Pipeline-Quality Natural Gas 376Figure 3-52 382Enbridge and FuelCell Energy 382Figure 3-53 383Direct Fuel Cell Power Plant 383Table 3-54 386Ballard Power Systems Comprehensive Portfolio Of Fuel Cell Products 386Table 3-55 387Ballard Power Systems Fuel Cell Products 387Figure 3-56 390Ballard Power Systems Cleargen Mulit-Megawatt Fuel Cell System 390Figure 3-57 391IdaTech Fuel Cell System 391Table 3-58 391Ballard / IdaTech ElectraGen ME System Functions 391Table 3-59 392Ballard / IdaTech ElectraGen ME System Functions 392Table 4-1 395Favorable Emissions Profile Of DFC Power Plants 395Table 4-2 397DFC Technology Advantages 397Table 4-3 397Fuel Cell Types Of Electrical Efficiency, Operating Temperature, ExpectedCapacity Range, And Byproduct Heat 398Table 4-4 399Fuel Cell Technologies 399Table 4-5 399Fuel Cells By Fuel 399Figure 4-6 401Fuel Cells Offer An Economically Compelling Balance Of Attributes 402Figure 4-7 402Efficiency Differences Among Fuel Cell Technologies 402Table 4-8 405Stationary Fuel Cell Products Regulation 405Table 4-9 406Fuel cell Types By T Electrolyte 406Figure 4-10 407Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells 407Figure 4-11 410PEM Fuel Cell Operation 410Figure 4-12 411Fuel Cell Stacks 411Figure 4-13 412Fuel Cell Stack Components 412Table 4-14 416Opportunity for PAFC Cost Reductions Opportunity Area 416Table 4-15 420Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell R&D areas to be addressed 420Figure 4-16 421MCFC Cost Components of Electricity vs. Fuel Cell Capital Cost 421Figure 4-17 423Siemens Westinghouse's 250-Kilowatt Atmospheric Pressure Combined Heat AndPower Fuel Cell System 423Figure 3-18 42

To order this report: Stationary Fuel Cells: Market Shares, Strategies, and Forecasts, Worldwide, 2014-2020

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